Arizona Important Bird Areas

Welcome to Arizona’s 45 Important Bird Areas! These IBAs are varied in the type of habitat they identify yet share the fact that they are vital for Arizona’s native birds. Some are riparian corridors, others cool and moist sky islands. A few are high elevation pine forests and one is even a vast expanse of desert. We hope you enjoy reading about the different IBAs of Arizona and the birds who use them. A map of all of Arizona’s IBAs can be found here.

The IBA designation is non-regulatory; it elevates the profile of an area as being important for birds and acknowledges the stewardship of the landowners and managers.”

☼ = Global Status, ◊ = Continental Status

Cropped map 45 Arizona IBAs

1. Map of all 45 Arizona IBAs

There are currently 45 Important Bird Areas in Arizona. They range all over the state and cover a wide span of habitat types. If you would like a more interactive tour of Arizona’s Important Bird Areas, there are several options. …

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Agua Fria_Flickr_MichelleDyer

Agua Fria National Monument Riparian Corridors IBA

Size: 26.31 square miles, 16843 acres Identified: 01/2004. Recognized: 01/2010 VISITING THE IBA: The Agua Fria National Monument is located 40 miles north of Phoenix, AZ. It is easily accessed by traveling on Interstate 17 to the Badger Springs Exit …

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AndersonMesa1

Anderson Mesa IBA ☼

Global IBA for Pinyon Jay Size: 261 square miles, 167509 acres Identified: 01/2004. Global: 10/2009 Visiting the IBA: Located 20 miles southeast of Flagstaff, take the Lake Mary Road exit and travel east on Forest Road 3. Mormon Lake Lodge is …

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Appleton-Whittel Research Ranch of the NAS IBA

Appleton-Whittel Research Ranch of the NAS IBA

Size: 12 square miles, 7723 acres Identified: 01/2004 Visiting the IBA: Visitors are asked to e-mail researchranch@audubon.org or call 520-455-5522 before scheduling a trip. This IBA is located south of the town of Elgin. The miles before the ranch are …

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arivaca_cienega_MGriffiths

Arivaca Cienega and Creek IBA

Size: 7.7 square miles, 4930 acres Identified: 07/2002 Visiting the IBA: From Tucson take Highway 286 south from Three Points to milepost 12. Turn left and drive east 12 miles to Arivaca. From Interstate 19, take the Amado/Arivaca exit west, …

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Aubrey Valley by Kenny Wilkins

Aubrey Valley and Cliffs IBA

Size: 385 square miles, 246,538 acres Identified: 10/2011 Visiting the IBA: Primary access is at Pika Camp gate located north of old Route 66 just before milepost 123. Go through a large gate named Pica Camp and proceed approximately 2.5 …

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Bill Williams NWR IBA

Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge IBA ☼ ◊

Global IBA for Bell’s Vireo and Black Rail Continental IBA for Clapper Rail and Clark’s Grebe Size: 9.4 square miles, 6000 acres Identified: 01/2004. Global: 10/2010. Continental: 10/2011 Visiting the IBA: To get to Bill Williams River NWR from Lake …

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Blue River Complex by Kevin Dooley

Blue and San Francisco Rivers IBA

Identified: 01/2004 Visiting the Site: Located adjacent to the New Mexico border and located northeast of Clifton and south of Alpine. For access from the north and Alpine take county route 12 toward Reserve, N.M. and Luna Lake. Turn south …

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Boyce Thompson Arboretum by Garry Wilmore

Boyce Thompson Arboretum and Arnett -Queen Creeks IBA

Size: 4.8 square miles, 3,071 acres Identified: 01/2004. Recognized: 05/2007 Visiting the IBA: From Phoenix: Take Highway 60 east toward Superior until you reach milepost #223. Drive takes about an hour. From Tucson: Take Oracle Road north, turn left at …

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California Gulch

California Gulch IBA

Size: 3.2 square miles, 2,042 acres Identified: 07/2002 Visiting the IBA: From the town of Arivaca drive south on the Ruby Road for less than 11 miles and take the second FR 217 turnoff that is prominently marked by a …

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Cave Creek

Cave Creek Ecosystem IBA

Size: 4.2 square miles, 2,657 acres Identified: 06/2009 Visiting the IBA: Access to the Tonto National Forest, including the Seven Springs Recreation Area and the Cave Creek Trail, is via Seven Springs Road (Forest Road 24) north of Scottsdale. The …

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Chiricahuas_Flickr photo_use allowed_JPC Raleigh

Chiricahua Mountains IBA ☼

Global IBA for Mexican Spotted Owl Size: 452.5 square miles, 289,600 acres Identified: 04/2003. Global:10/2009 Visiting the IBA: From Sierra Vista go east on Hwy 90 then south on Hwy 80 to Bisbee; continue east on Hwy 80 to Douglas; …

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colorado_river_at_Cibola

Cibola National Wildlife Refuge IBA ◊

Continental IBA for Yuma Clapper Rail Size: 22.8 square miles, 14,578 acres Identified: 06/2008 Visiting the IBA: From Blythe, go approximately 3 miles west on I-10 to Neighbours Boulevard/78 exit. Go south on Neighbours for 12 milesto the Cibola Bridge. …

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Gilbert Riparian Preserves by Johnida Dockens

Gilbert Riparian Preserves IBA

Identified: 01/2007 Visiting the IBA: Take US 60 to the Greenfield Road Exit. South on Greenfield and drive south to Guadalupe. The entrance to the parking lot is east of Greenfield on Guadalupe. Winter and spring are the best times …

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Grand Canyon by Jeremy Wilburn

Grand Canyon National Park IBA ☼

Global IBA for California Condor and Mexican Spotted Owl Size: 778 square miles, 497,894 acres Identified: 07/2002 Visiting the IBA: To visit the South Rim of the Grand Canyon where Lipan and Yaki Points are located, take I-17 North to …

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Lake Havasu2_Mispahn

Havasu National Wildlife Refuge IBA ◊

Continental IBA for Yuma Clapper Rail Size: 61.4 square miles, 39,281 acres Identified: 06/2008 Visiting the IBA: The refuge office is in Needles, California. From Interstate 40, exit on J Street and go southwest (uphill) 0.6 miles. Turn right at …

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Huachuca Mountains_FS

Huachuca Mountains IBA

Site Stewards: Huachucha Audubon Society and Birdland Ranch in Algerita Canyon on the west side and The Nature Conservancy Ramsey Canyon Preserve on the east side. Size: 157.9 square miles, 101,028 acres Identified: 01/2004 Visiting the IBA: To reach the …

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Imperial National Wildlife Refuge

Imperial National Wildlife Refuge IBA ☼ ◊

Global IBA for Black Rail and Continental IBA for Yuma Clapper Rail Site Steward: Yuma Audubon Society Size: 49.3 square miles, 31,558 acres Identified: 06/2008 Visiting the IBA: From Yuma: Travel north on Highway 95. Near Milepost 47 turn left …

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PKB_ImperialNWR2

Imperial Reservoir IBA ☼ ◊

Global IBA for Black Rail and Continental IBA for Yuma Clapper Rail Site Steward: Yuma Audubon Society Size: 5.5 square miles, 3,535 acres Identified: 01/2002 Visiting the IBA: Fisher’s Landing and campground located on the north end of the reservoir …

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Colorado River Gadsden Riparian Area

Lower Colorado River Gadsden Riparian Area IBA

Site Steward: Yuma Audubon Society Size: 3.7 square miles, 2,398 acres Identified: 01/2004 Visiting the IBA: Access is difficult and visiting is best recommended with a local guide. An excellent resource for birding this IBA and the lower Colorado River …

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Lower Oak Creek

Lower Oak Creek IBA

Site Steward: Northern Arizona Audubon Society Size: 5.8 square miles, 3,685 acres Identified: 01/2004 Recognized: 04/2006 Visiting the IBA: Red Rock State Park is immediately south of Sedona. The best way to the park is travel on I-17 to Arizona …

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lower-salt-river-diversionary-dam

Lower Salt and Gila Rivers Ecosystem ☼ ◊

Global IBA for Yuma Clapper Rail and Neotropical Cormorant Continental IBA for Abert’s Towhee, Yuma Clapper Rail and Long-billed Curlew Site Steward: Sonoran Audubon and Audubon Arizona Size: 57.3 square miles, 36,645 acres Identified: 07/2002. Recognized: 03/2008. Global/Continental: 10/2011 Visiting …

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Lower San Pedro River

Lower San Pedro River IBA ☼ ◊

Global IBA for Bell’s Vireo Continental IBA for Abert’s Towhee Conservation Stewards: Tucson Audubon Society, The Nature Conservancy, Cascabel Working Group, Redington and Winkleman NRCDs Size: 51.2 square miles, 32,762 acres Identified: 01/2007, Global on 01/2008. Recognized: 02/2008 Visiting the …

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Marble Canyon by arizona traveler

Marble Canyon and Vermillion Cliffs IBA ☼

Global IBA for California Condor Site Steward: The Peregrine Fund Size: 159.5 square miles, 102,058 acres Identified: 04/2003, Global 01/2008 Visiting the IBA: Lees Ferry and Navajo Bridge Interpretive Center is located on Highway 89A 45 miles southwest of Page …

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2090888222_02bb52b11b

Mittry Lake State Wildlife Area IBA ☼ ◊

Global IBA for Black Rail Continental IBA for Yuma Clapper Rail Site Steward: Yuma Audubon Society Size: 6.2 square miles, 3,984 acres Identified: 07/2002 Visiting the IBA: From Yuma, take Highway 95 north to East Imperial Dam Road, then turn …

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Mogollon rim by Nat Forest_

Mogollon Rim Snowmelt Draws IBA

Size: 112.7 square miles, 72,162 acres Identified: 07/2010 Visiting the IBA: Take Highway 87 North from Payson, AZ. North of Pine, AZ, Forest Road 300 “Rim Road” heads east from the 87 and travels through the IBA. This is a …

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Patagonia Sonoita Creek

Patagonia-Sonoita Creek TNC Preserve IBA

Site Stewards: The Nature Conservancy and Tucson Audubon Size: 0.6 square miles, 387 acres Identified: 07/2010 Visiting the IBA: Patagonia-Sonoita Creek Preserve is 60 miles southeast of Tucson. Take I-10 east to Highway 83 exit south to Sonoita then turn …

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Rigg's Lake at the Top of Mt. Graham in the Pinaleño Mountains

Pinaleño Mountains IBA

Location: UTM 12S 605570 3618850 County: Graham Site Status: Identified 02/2013 Ownership: Coronado National Forest – Safford Ranger District Area: 212 sq miles, perimeter: 161 miles Criteria: D1: State: Species of Conservation Concern D3: State: Species in rare/unique habitat Site …

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area_quigley

Quigley State Wildlife Area IBA

Location: 32.7167° N: 113.967° W County: Yuma Site Status: Identified 01/2004 Ownership: Arizona Game and Fish Commission Area: 0.96 square miles, 614 acres Criteria: B1 (Potential): Continental: Species of Conservation Concern (Yuma Clapper Rail, Abert’s Towhee) D1: State: Species of …

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Willow Flycatcher by Syd Phillips

Salt and Verde Riparian Ecosystem IBA

Identified: 07/2002   Recognized: 11/2010 Counties: Maricopa, Yavapai Site Status: Identified Ownership: Tonto National Forest, Fort McDowell Mohave Apache Community Size: 24.3 square miles, 15,523 acres Criteria: B1(Potential): Continental: Species of Conservation Concern (Lucy’s Warbler, Southwest Willow Flycatcher, Gilded Flicker) D1: …

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San Pedro River National Conservation Area by Esther 17

San Pedro Riparian National Conservation Area IBA

County: Cochise Site Status: Identified 07/2002, Global Recognition 05/2013 Ownership: BLM Area: 22,662.4 hectares (56,000 acres approx.) Criteria: A1: Global: Species of Global Conservation Concern (Bell’s Vireo) D1: State: Species of Conservation Concern (Yellow- billed Cuckoo, Cassin’s and Botteri’s Sparrow) …

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San Rafael Grasslands by cobalt123

San Rafael Grasslands IBA ☼

Location: 534883 N 3480007 E  UTM NAD 27 County: Santa Cruz Site Status: Identified 10/2011 Ownership: Private and State Area: 85 square miles, 56,983 acres Criteria: A1; Global; Species of Conservation Concern – Chestnut Collared Longspur (Wintering) D1 – Site …

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Santa Rita Mountains by airplane journal

Santa Rita Mountains IBA

Counties: Pima, Santa Cruz Site Status: Identified 04/2003, Recognized 05/2011 Ownership: Coronado National Forest, Area: 217 square miles, 138,760 acres Criteria: B3 (Potential) – Assemblage of individuals/species concentrated in a Bird Conservation Region D1: State: Species of Conservation Concern Site …

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Patagonia Lake by Alan Stark

Sonoita Creek State Natural Area/Patagonia Lake IBA

Counties: Santa Cruz Site Status: Indentified 01/2007, Recognized 04/2007 Ownership: Arizona State Parks Area: 5.5 square miles, 3,497 acres Criteria:B1 (Potential): Continental: Species of Conservation Concern (Gray Hawk, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Bell’s Vireo, Northern Beardless-Tyrannulet, Lucy’s Warbler, Abert’s Towhee, Rufous-winged Sparrow, …

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Organ Pipe NM by Matt Griffiths

Sonoran Desert Borderlands IBA

Location: UTM 3545154 N  326281 E  NAD 83 Counties: Pima and Yuma Site Status: Identified 07/2010 Ownership: Federal, USFWS and NPS Area: 1,851 square miles, 1,184,668 acres Criteria: D1 – Site Important to Special Status Avian Species (Gilded Flicker, Bendire’s …

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Sycamore Canyon creek 1, Kendall Kroesen

Sycamore Canyon/Pajarito Mountains IBA

 Location: 31.4130°N  111.1900°W  County: Santa Cruz  Site Status: Identified 04/2003 Ownership: Coronado National Forest Area: 3.5 square miles, 2,213 acres Criteria: B1 (Potential): Continental: Species of Conservation Concern (Arizona Woodpecker, Five-striped Sparrow) D1: State: State Species of Conservation Concern D3: …

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Sabino Canyon by Roger Smith

Tanque Verde Wash/Sabino Canyon IBA

Location: 32.2955° N: 110.8079° W County: Pima Site Status: Identified 01/2004, Expanded 10/2011 Ownership:  US Forest Service and Private Area: 7.5 square miles, 4,770 acres Criteria:B1(Potential): Continental: Species of Conservation Concern (Rufous-winged Sparrow; Elf Owl, Abert’s Towhee, Costa’s Hummingbird, Lucy’s …

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Dead Horse Ranch State Park by Jason Shultz

Tuzigoot IBA

Location: Lat: 34.7807°N Long: 112.0284°W County: Yavapai Site Status: Identified 07/2002 Ownership: Arizona State Parks, National Park Service, Coconino National Forest, Private Area: 3.5 square miles, 2,267 acres Criteria: D1: State: Species of Conservation Concern D3: State: Species in rare/unique …

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Little Colorado by Matt Grant

Upper Little Colorado River Watershed IBA

Counties: Apache Site Status: Identified 04/2003, Recognized 07/2008 Ownership: Apache-Sitgreaves National Forest, Arizona Game and Fish Department, State Lands, BLM Area: 95.9 square miles, 61,360 acres Criteria: A1: Global (Potential): Species of Conservation Concern (Mexican Spotted Owl) D1: State: Species …

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Santa Cruz River S. of Tumacacori, 2, 3-05, john hoffman

Upper Santa Cruz River IBA

County: Santa Cruz Site Status: Identified 01/2007, Recognized 04/2011 Ownership: National Park Service and Private Area: 3.4 square miles, 2,184 square miles Criteria: A1 (Potential): Species of Global Conservation Concern (Bell’s Vireo) B1(Potential): Continental: Species of Conservation Concern (Gray Hawk, …

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Upper Verde RIver by Yandahi

Upper Verde River State Wildlife Area IBA

 Location: 3858479N  367626E  UTM NAD83 County: Yavapai Site Status: Identified 06/2008 Ownership: Arizona Game and Fish and State Trust Area: 2.8 square miles, 1,809 acres Criteria: D1 – Site Important to Special Status Avian Species – Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Lucy’s Warbler, …

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Watson Lake by rwarrin

Watson and Willow Lakes Ecosystem IBA

County: Yavapai Site Status: Identified 07/2002 Recognized 04/2011 Ownership: City of Prescott Area: 2.3 square miles, 1,501 acres Criteria: D1 – State Species of Conservation Concern D4ii – Waterfowl Significant Concentration (>2000) D4iii – Wading birds concentration site Site Description: …

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Sandhill Cranes at Whitewater Draw

Whitewater Draw State Wildlife Area IBA ☼

 Location: 349435 N  12 621331 E UTM NAD27 County: Cochise Site Status: Identified 06/2008, Global Identified 10/2011 Ownership: Arizona Game and Fish Area: 2.4 square miles, 1,509 acres Criteria: D1 – Site Important to Special Status Avian Species – Bendire’s …

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Willcox Playa

Willcox Playa/Cochise Lakes IBA ☼

 Location: 609284 N 3557623 E UTM NAD27 County: Cochise Site Status: Identified 06/2009, Global Identified 10/2011 Ownership: Federal, State and City of Willcox Area: 74 square miles, 47,343 acres Criteria: D1 – Site Important to Special Status Avian Species – …

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Maricopa Burrowing Owl Haven

Sites of Conservation Significance

Sites of Conservation Significance The Arizona Important Bird Areas program looks at many areas and considers them for IBA status. While many of the areas we look at are formally proposed to our Science Committee and approved, some sites just …

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