Return to Arizona Important Bird Areas

Camp Verde IBA

Verde River by Sean Dustman

Verde River by Sean Dustman

Size: 6.06 square miles

Identified: 6/2019

Visiting the IBA: The publicly accessible areas of the Verde River corridor through the Town of Camp Verde can best be accessed at the following sites: Parsons Park, Homestead Park, Rezzonico Park, White Bridge River Access Point (RAP), Clear Creek River Access Point, Clear Creek Campground Day Use Area, and Rockin’ River Ranch.

Ownership: The land ownership along the Verde River corridor through the Town of Camp Verde is a mix of private lands, public lands owned by Prescott National Forest and Arizona State Parks, tribal lands owned by the Yavapai Apache Nation, and public parks owned by the Town of Camp Verde.

Willow flycatcher by Mick Thompson

Willow flycatcher by Mick Thompson

Site Description: The 17-mile stretch of the Verde River running through the boundaries of the Town of Camp Verde supports a variety of important woody riparian and wetland vegetation types that provide important habitat for resident and migratory birds, as well as a host of other wildlife species. The predominant habitat type within this IBA is riparian vegetation, comprised of Sonoran Deciduous Swamp and Riparian Scrub type vegetation, and Sonoran and Oasis Riparian Forest. Significant stretches of the Verde River through Camp Verde are healthy stands of Fremont Cottonwood-Goodding Willow gallery forests – one of the rarest forest type in North America. Within the IBA boundaries, there are significant areas of mesquite bosque woodland habitat of arid uplands sitting adjacent to the riparian habitat zone. These areas are characterized by open, park-like conditions, with an understory of grassy forbs. This vegetation type, while once common, has become increasingly rare due to development – either residential or agriculture – in the upland areas near perennial rivers and streams. It is an area favored by many threatened and endangered bird species, such as yellow-billed cuckoo and Bell’s vireo.

Birds: This area is well known among birders for the rare species found here at times.

Breeding: Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Willow Flycatcher, Wood Duck, Common Black Hawk, Belted Kingfisher, Abert’s Towhee, Bell’s Vireo, Gila Woodpecker, Yellow Warbler, Lincoln’s Sparrow,  Abert’s Towhee, Bell’s Vireo, Lucy’s Warbler, Gray Flycatcher, Northern Rough-winged Swallow, Blue Grosbeak, Indigo Bunting, Chipping Sparrow, Vermilion Flycatcher, Red-winged Blackbird, Black-chinned Hummingbird, Cassin’s Kingbird, Bullock’s Oriole, Common Yellowthroat, Summer Tanager, Yellow-breasted Chat, Turkey Vulture, Warbling Vireo, Bell’s Vireo, Green Heron, Violet Green Swallow.

Wintering: Red-naped Sapsucker, Yellow-rumped Warbler, Canada Goose, Lincoln’s Sparrow, White-crowned Sparrow,  Vesper Sparrow, Sora, Brewer’s Sparrow, Northern Shoveler, Ruby-crowned Kinglet, Bald Eagle, Orange-crowned Warbler.

Migration: Western Tanager, Wilson’s Warbler, Green-tailed Towhee, Lark Sparrow.

Conservation Issues: Drought, development, surface water diversions, invasive plants and phreatophytes, such as Tree of Heaven, Russian olive, tamarisk, and arundo (giant reed).

Conservation Stewards: Friends of Verde River Greenway and The Nature Conservancy.

Maps of this Important Bird Area:

Camp Verde Important Bird Area

Camp Verde Important Bird Area

Camp Verde Public Access Points

Camp Verde Public Access Points

More details:

Location: 34.57409839799311, -111.86788291760911

County: Yavapai


D1  Site Important to Special Status Avian Species

  •              Endangered and Threatened (Federally listed in Arizona) Southwest Willow Flycatcher and Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo
  •              U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Bird Cons. Concern *Includes (from BCR 34):
  •              AZ Threatened Birds (Species of Greatest Conservation Need, Tier 1a & 1b) Southwest Willow Flycatcher, Western Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Wood Duck, Common Black Hawk, Belted Kingfisher, Abert’s Towhee, Bell’s Vireo, Gila Woodpecker, Red-naped Sapsucker (winter), Yellow Warbler, Lincoln’s Sparrow
  •              AZ Audubon WatchList Species (Arizona WatchList2007): Abert’s Towhee, Bell’s Vireo, Lucy’s Warbler, Red-naped Sapsucker (winter)

D3  Rare, Unique, or Exceptional Representative Habitat/Ecological Community – Riparian cottonwood and willow and mesquite bosque

D5  Sites supporting substantive programs in avian research or avian-specific educational opportunities.

  •              Sites supporting educational programs in which a significant component of the program content focuses on avian ecology, bird identification, biodiversity, or the value of native habitat for birds. Sites may be natural, urban, suburban, or rural, but should retain or promote significant native habitat. Sites where habitat restoration is a significant management goal, and educates the public the value of restored habitat to birds will also be included in this category. 2016 Verde River Recreation Master Plan. Scheduled ranger programs and bird walks at Montezuma Castle National Monument.


The Verde River and its tributaries, as one of the last healthy perennially flowing river ecosystems in the state of Arizona, has a unique and important role in supporting a wide range of wildlife species, especially endangered and threatened species that rely on intact, high quality riparian habitat in order to thrive. The Verde River watershed supports over 78% of the breeding bird species found in Arizona. The riparian vegetation, composed of cottonwood-willow gallery forests, mixed broadleaf deciduous riparian forest, and uplands areas featuring mesquite bosque habitat, can be found along the Verde River corridor in Camp Verde. This habitat is one of the rarest and – from a wildlife habitat perspective – among the most valuable for an arid desert state. The combination of vegetation types in close proximity to each other – that of the cottonwood-willow forest adjacent to mesquite bosque – is a unique habitat that is preferred by important bird species of concern, such as yellow-billed cuckoo, Southwest willow flycatcher, Bell’s vireo, yellow warbler, and Lucy’s warbler.

Common Black Hawk by Mark Watson

Common Black Hawk by Mark Watson

The primary threats to the Verde River corridor and its riparian habitat include impacts affecting surface water flows and groundwater recharge into the Verde River. Flows are impacted by a range of activities, including long term drought conditions resulting from climate change; population growth and development leading to an increase in exempt wells and groundwater pumping; surface water diversions that dewater some stretches of the Verde River; and the establishment and spread of invasive plants nad phreatophytes, such as Tree of Heaven, Russian olive, tamarisk, and arundo (giant reed).
A number of NGO organizations, including Friends of Verde River Greenway and The Nature Conservancy, are working on efforts to restore and maintain an appropriate level of base flows in the Verde River to sustain ecological functions, including riparian vegetation recruitment, establishment and maintenance, and flows to sustain aquatic species and riparian obligates. These projects range from irrigation efficiency efforts, to voluntary groundwater mitigation programs, and a range of other activities. Friends of Verde River Greenway has also been engaged for the past 8 years in invasive plant removal, treatment, and monitoring efforts throughout the watershed, and plan to continue their activities and focus on the stretch of the Verde River running through Camp Verde.